Phenylpiracetam is a powerful racetam nootropic, developed in Russia for use by cosmonauts on long space missions. It's a potent stimulant that may also improve mood, memory, cognition, and even athletic performance.
- Enhance Memory and Cognitive Functions
- Improve Cognition in Stroke patients
- It has Anti-amnesic Properties
- Energizing effects
- Helps to combat sleepiness and improve motivation
- Decrease the feelings of fatigue
- Improve both Productivity and Social Fluency
- It is an Ati-depressant
- Prevent anxiety and fear response while increasing locomotion and exploratory behavior.
- Improve Motor Function and Mobility
- Protect the Brain
- Prevent Convulsions
- Promotes Weight Loss
Phenylpiracetam’s chemical structure is the same as piracetam, with an additional phenyl group attached. The phenyl group increases phenylpiracetam’s ability to dissolve in fats, oils, and lipids, which in turn may enhance its absorption within the body. This property may explain why phenylpiracetam is more potent than piracetam and how it crosses the blood-brain barrier more readily and efficiently.
Phenylpiracetam is fast-acting, detectable in the brain within 30 minutes of ingestion. It has a half-life of 2–3 hours.
In the brain, phenylpiracetam has several mechanisms of action, most of which involve stimulating the production of various neurotransmitters.
It acts as an ampakine, increasing levels of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate by stimulating AMPA receptors. This action is associated with improved cognitive function and may play a significant role in phenylpiracetam’s ability to enhance memory, focus, and overall cognition.
Animal studies showed that phenylpiracetam also increases extracellular dopamine levels, both by activating the dopaminergic system and by acting as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter that is associated with reward, motivation, memory, attention, and the regulation of emotions and body movements. Increased dopamine levels are believed to be responsible, at least in part, for phenylpiracetam’s positive effects on motivation, mood, and focus.
Dopamine is also a direct precursor of the stimulatory neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which increases heart rate, blood pressure, and the levels of fat and sugar in the blood. These effects are thought to be related to phenylpiracetam’s energy and stamina boosting capability.
Like other racetam-type nootropics, phenylpiracetam also increases the production of acetylcholine, sometimes referred to as “the learning neurotransmitter” because it is so closely associated with all aspects of cognition. The brain uses choline to produce acetylcholine and may quickly deplete its stores when taking racetams, which is why supplemental choline is generally suggested to be taken with phenylpiracetam.